Bibliographies and Finding Aids
  Circulation Fees
  Codifying DNB Score and Cataloguing Terminology
  Contact the Librarian
  Library News
  Notated Theatrical Dances Catalog
  Submitting a Labanotation Score


In 1997, Judy Van Zile, Professor of Dance at the University of Hawaii, posted a request on LabanTalk for citations to publications that discussed the value of notation. The first part of the list that follows came from Sheila Marion. The second half is a bibliography that includes items that discuss the value of notation as well as items that include notation (particularly dance ethnology-oriented items).

From Sheila Marion (from her PhD dissertation):

Acocella, Joan Ross. "Notes on Notation." Dance Magazine, Nov., 1986: 70-73.

Anderson, Jack. "How 'Fat Kate's Wedding,' From 1688, Lives On." New York Times, Aug. 4, 1991: H18.

_____. "Notation Provides the Key to Many Balletic Treasures." New York Times, Apr. 7, 1985: H10, 16.

_____. "Will Choreography Ever Be Respected as an Art Form?" New York Times, Sept. 5, 1982: H6.

Blum, Odette. "Dance: The Value of Recording Dance." The Study of Dance and the Place of Dance in Society. New York: E. & S. N. Spon, 1986: 37-43.

Garafola, Lynn. "Clio Meets Terpsichore." Ballet Review, Summer 1986: 92-95.

Hodes, Stuart, "Dance Preservation and the Oral History Paradigm." Dance Reconstructed: Conference Proceedings. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University, 1992: 97-108.

Louppe, Laurence, ed. Traces of Dance: Drawings and Notations of Choreographers. Trans. Brian Holmes and Peter Carrier. Paris: Editions Dis Voir, 1994.

Preston-Dunlop, Valerie, ed. "Resume of a Symposium on Dance Literacy." Dancing and Dance Theories. London: Laban Centre for Movement and Dance,1979: 53-59.

Siegel, Marcia B. "Accessing the Nonverbal-Again." Unpublished article, 1993.

_____. "Humphrey's Legacy: Loss and Recall." Expanded version of a keynote speech given at the Doris Humphrey Centennial Conference, Teachers College of Columbia University, New York City, October 20, 1995.

_____. "Matriarchal Mysteries." Hudson Review, Spring 1996: 97-103.

Topaz, Muriel, ed. "The Notation Issue." Choreography and Dance, Vol.1, no. 1, 1988.

From Van Zile and others who responded to the list:

Barnes, Clive. 1997 (May). "Dance in 2-D." Dance Magazine, p. 122.

Bartenieff, Irmgard, Peggy Hackney, Betty True Jones, Judy Van Zile, and Carl Wolz. 1984 (Spring). "The Potential of Movement Analysis as a Research Tool: A Preliminary Analysis." Dance Research Journal, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 3-26.

Benesh, Rudolf and Joan. 1969. An Introduction to Benesh Movement-Notation. Revised and extended edition. Brooklyn: Dance Horizons.

Blum, Odette. 1986. "The Value of Recording Dance, in Dance. The Study of Dance and the Place of Dance in Society." Proceedings of the VIII Commonwealth and International Conference on Sport, Physical education, Dance, recreation and Health. London: E. & E.F. Spon, pp. 37-43.

Chan, Louisa. 1982. "The Importance of Notation to the Development of Dance." Singapore Festival of Dance 82 (festival program). Singapore: National Trust Theatre, pp. 24-28.

Dell, Cecily. 1970. A Primer for Movement Description Using Effort-Shape and Supplementary Concepts. New York: Dance Notation Bureau.

Dmtr, Tekla, Mihly Hoppl, Pter Niedermller, and Zsuzsanna Ttrai, editors. 1990. "Magyar Nprajz VI." Npzene. Nptnc. Npi Jtk. Budapest: Akadmiai Kiad.

Durr, Dixie. 1981 (Spring). "Labanotation: Language or Script?" Journal for the Anthropological Study of Human Movement, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 132-138.

Eshkol, Noa. 1988. The Quest for Tai Chi Chuan. Israel: The Research Centre for Movement Notation at the Faculty for Visual and Performing Arts, Tel Aviv University.

_____, and Abraham Wachmann. 1958. Movement Notation. Weidenfeld & Nicholson.

Farnell, Brenda. 1991. "Nakota Makoce: An American Indian Storytelling Performance." Yearbook for Traditional Music, Vol. 23, pp. 80-99.

_____. 1995. Do You See What I Mean? Plains Indian Sign Talk and the Embodiment of Action. Austin: University of Texas Press.

_____. "Ethno-Graphics and the Moving Body." Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, Vol. 29, No. 4 (Dec. 1994), pp. 929-974.

Foley, Catherine. 1988. "Irish Traditional Step-Dance in Cork." Traditional Dance, Vols. 5-6, pp. 159-174.

Fgedi, Jnos. 1995. "Analyzing Dance Structure and Motive Collections by Computer—Dance Struct 1.0." Proceedings of the Nineteenth Biennial Conference of the International Council of Kinetography Laban, July 23-July 30, 1995. Ohio: Ohio State University, pp. 71-82.

Gellerman, Jill. 1978. "The Mayim Pattern as an Indicator of Cultural Attitudes in Three American Hasidic Communities; A Comparative Approach Based on Labananalysis." CORD Dance Research Annual IX, pp. 111-144.

Grau, Andre. 1979. Some Problems in the Analysis of Dance Style with Special Reference to South Africa. MA thesis, Queens University of Belfast (Ireland).

_____. 1983. Dreaming, Dancing, Kinship: The Study of Yoi, the Dance of the Tiwi of Melville and Bathurst Islands, North Australia. PhD thesis (Social Anthropology), Queens University of Belfast (Ireland).

_____. 1993. "Gender Interchangeability among the Tiwi." Helen Thomas, editor, Dance, Gender and Culture. New York: St. Martins Press, pp. 94-111.

Guest, Ann Hutchinson. 1984. Dance Notation, the Process of Recording Movement on Paper. New York: Dance Horizons.

_____. 1989. Choreo-Graphics: A Comparison of Dance Notation Systems from the Fifteenth Century to the Present. New York: Gordon and Breach.

Herbison-Evans, Don. 1988. "Dance, Video, Notation and Computers." Leonardo, Vol. 21, No. 1, pp. 45-50.

Hutchinson, Ann. 1977. Labanotation or Kinetography Laban. The System of Analyzing and Recording Movement. Third edition, revised from original 1954 publication. New York: Theatre Arts Books.

Iyer, Alessandra. 1994. "Hand Gesture in Indian Dance." Dance Studies, Vol. 18, pp. 51-111.

Kaeppler, Adrienne. 1972 (May). "Method and Theory in Analyzing Dance Structure with an Analysis of Tongan Dance." Ethnomusicology. Vol. XVI, No. 2, pp. 173-217.

Kaeppler, Adrienne. 1993. Hula Pahu. Hawaiian Drum Dances. Volume I. Haa and Hula Pahu: Sacred Movements. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.

Kwok, Madeline. 1977. Dance of the Paiwan Aboriginal People of Pingtung County, Taiwan with Implications of Dance for Tribal Classification. MA thesis (Music/dance ethnology), University of Hawaii.

Lange, Roderyk. 1988. "The Dance Folklore from Cuiavia." Dance Studies, Vol. 12, pp. 7-223.

Marett, Allan and JoAnne Page. 1995. "Interrelationships between Music and Dance in a Wangga from Northwest Australia." Lucinda Barwick, Allen Marett, and Guy Tunstill, editors. The Essence of Singing and the Substance of Song; Recent Responses to the Aboriginal Performing Arts and Other Essays in Honour of Catherine Ellis, Oceania Monograph 46. Sydney: University of Sydney, pp. 27-38.

Martin, Gyrgy. 1979. A Magyar Krtnc s Eurpai Rokonsga. Budapest: Akadmiai Kiad.

_____, and Ern Pesovr. 1961. "A Structural Analysis of the Hungarian Folk Dance. A Methodological Sketch." Acta Ethnographica, Vol. X, pp. 1-40.

McLaughlin, Patricia. 1976 (October). "Balanchine Forever." The Pennsylvania Gazette (Alumni Magazine of the University of Pennsylvania), pp. 29-33.

Mirano, Elena Rivera (research); Neal M. Oshima (photography); Elena Rivera Mirano, Marian Pastor Roces, and Glenna Aquino (concept); Basilio Esteban Villaruz (dance notation); and Elena Rivera Mirano (music transcription). 1989. Subli: Isang Sayaw sa Apat na Tinig. One Dance in Four Voices. Philippines: Museo ng Kalilnangang Pilipino.

Morais, Megan. 1984. A Culture in Motion: A Study of the Interrelationship of Dancing, Sorrowing, Hunting, and Fighting as Performed by the Warlpiri Women of Central Australia. MA thesis (Music/dance ethnology), University of Hawaii.

_____. 1992. "Documenting Dance: Benesh Movement Notation and the Warlpiri of Central Australia." Alice Moyle, editor. Music and Dance of Aboriginal Australia and the South Pacific; The Effects of Documentation on the Living Tradition, Oceania Monograph 41. Sydney: University of Sydney, pp. 130-144.

_____. 1995. "Antikirinya Womens Ceremonial Dance Structures: Manifestations of the Dreaming." Lucinda Barwick, Allen Marett, and Guy Tunstill, editors. The Essence of Singing and the Substance of Song; Recent Responses to the Aboriginal Performing Arts and Other Essays in Honour of Catherine Ellis, Oceania Monograph 46. Sydney: University of Sydney, pp. 75-93.

Ness, Sally Ann. 1992. Body, Movement, and Culture: Kinesthetic and Visual Symbolism in a Philippine Community. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Nor, Mohd Anis Md. 1986. Randai Dance of Minangkabau Sumatra with Labanotation Scores. Kuala Lumpur: Department of Publications, University of Malaya.

Ohtani, Kimiko. 1981. The Okinawan Kumiodori: An Analysis of Relationships of Text, Music and Movement in Selections from Nido Tekiuchi. MA thesis (Music/dance ethnology), University of Hawaii.

Puri, Rajika and Diana Hart-Johnson. 1995. "Thinking with Movement: Improvising Versus Composing?" Brenda Farnell, editor. Human Action Signs in Cultural Context. The Visible and the Invisible in Movement and Dance. New Jersey: The Scarecrow Press Inc., pp. 158-186.

Reynolds, William C. 1990. "Film Versus Notation for Dance: Basic Perceptual and Epistemological Differences." The 5th Hong Kong International Dance Conference. The Second International Congress on Movement Notation. Notation Papers. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Academy for Performing Arts, pp. 151-164.

_____. 1994. "Improvisation in Hungarian Folk Dance: Towards a Generative Grammar of European Traditional Dance." Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, Vol. 39, Nos. 1-2, pp. 67-94.

Shennan, Jennifer. 1991. "Maori Dance Terminology." Dance Studies, Vol. 15, pp. 68-99.

Sinclair, Stephen. 1977 (May/June). "After the Applause, Whats Left?" The Cultural Post (newsletter of the National Endowment for the Arts), Issue 11, pp. 6-7.

Sutton, R. Anderson. 1982. "Drumming in Okinawan Classical Music: A Catalogue of Gestures" Dance Research Journal, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 17-28.

Torp, Lisbet. 1990. Chain and Round Dance Patterns A Method for Structural Analysis and Its Application to European Material. Denmark: University of Copenhagen, Museum Tusculanem Press.

Van Camp, Julie Charlotte. 1981. Philosophical Problems of Dance Criticism. PhD dissertation, Temple University. (Available at <>.)

Van Zile, Judy. 1982. The Japanese Bon Dance in Hawaii. Hawaii: Press Pacifica.

_____. 1983. "Balasaraswati's Tisram Alarippu: A Choreographic Analysis." Wade, Bonnie C., editor. Performing Arts in India. Essays of Music, Dance, and Drama. Maryland: University Press of America. (Monograph Series No. 21, Center for South and Southeast Asia Studies, University of California, Berkeley), pp. 47-104. (Reprinted in Vol. XVIII, No. 2 [Spring/Summer 1987] issue of Asian Music, pp. 45-102.)

_____. 1985/1986 (Fall/Spring). "What Is the Dance? Implications for Dance Notation" Dance Research Journal, Vol. 17, No. 2 and Vol. 18, No. 1, pp. 41-47.

_____. 1988. "Examining Movement in the Context of the Music Event: A Working Model" Yearbook of Traditional Music. Vol. 20, pp. 125-133.

_____. 1992. "The Use of Space in Choyongmu, in International Council of Kinetography Laban." Proceedings of the Seventeenth Biennial Conference, August 1-August 12, 1991. Ohio: International Council of Kinetography Laban, pp. 55-66.

_____. 1996. "The Use of Space in Chinju Kommu, in International Council of Kinetography Laban." Proceedings of the Nineteenth Biennial Conference. Ohio: International Council of Kinetography Laban, pp. 39-51.

Wenzl, Zita. 1997. Dancing for the Gods: A Movement Analysis of the Balinese Topeng Tua and Pendet Dances via Kinesthetic Description, Laban Movement Analysis, and Labanotation. MFA thesis, University of California at Irvine.

Williams, Drid. 1996 (Autumn). "The Credibility of Movement-Writing." Journal for the Anthropological Study of Human Movement, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp. 73-89.

_____, and Brenda Farnell. 1990. The Laban Script. A Beginning Text on Movement-Writing for Non-Dancers. Australia: Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies.

Wolz, Carl. 1971. Bugaku: Japanese Court Dance, with the Notation of Basic Movements and of Nasori. Providence: Asian Music Publications.

Yoo, Si-hyun. 1995. Young-Sook Hans Salpuri Chum: Labanotation and Stylistic Analysis of a Traditional Korean Dance. MA thesis, The Ohio State University.

 Back to list of bibliographies and finding aids